Kms client setup keys

Problem

Given the amount of deployments I vị, it’s surprising that I don’t use KMS more often. Like most technical types, I find a way that works for me, & that’s the way I bởi vì things from then on. However these last few weeks I’ve been putting in a new infrastructure for a local secondary school. Their internet access is through a proxy server, that refuses khổng lồ let Windows activation work. Unfortunately the “Administrators” of this proxy VPS were not disposed khổng lồ give me any help, or let me anywhere near it, khổng lồ fix it.

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So after activating a dozen servers over the phone, I decided enough was enough “I’m putting in a KMS Server!”

I’m deploying KMS on Windows Server 2008 R2, & it is for the licensing & activation of Serer 2008 R2 và Windows 7. I will also add in the licensing KMS mechanism for Office 2010 as well.

Note: If you are using Server 2003 it will need SP1 (at least) and this update.

Solution

To be honest it’s more difficult to find out how khổng lồ deploy a KMS server, than it actually is to lớn vì. I’ve gone inkhổng lồ a fair bit of detail below but most of you will simply need to lớn follow steps 1-4 (immediately below). In addition, after that I’ve outlined how to lớn deploy KMS from command line. Then how to lớn kiểm tra it, and finally how to add Microsoft Office 2010 Licenses khổng lồ the KMS Server.

Install Microsoft Windows 2008 R2 Key Management Service (EASY)

1. The most difficult part is locating your KMS Key! If you have sầu a Microsoft License agreement, log into the the Microsoft Volume License Service Center, and retrieve sầu the KMS License Key for “Windows Server 2008 Std/Ent KMS B”

Note: To License/Activate Server 2008 R2 AND Windows 7 THIS IS THE ONLY KEY YOU NEED. You do NOT need to add additional keys for Windows 7. (You DO for Office 2010, but I’ll cover that below).

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2. Armed with your new key, you simply need khổng lồ change the product key on the VPS that will be the KMS hệ thống, to the new key. Start > Right Cliông chồng “Computer” > Properties. (Or Control Panel > System). Select “Change Product Key” > Enter the new KMS Key > Next.

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3. You will receive sầu a warning that you are using a KMS Key > OK. You may now need to lớn activate your copy of Windows with Microsoft, this is done as normal, if you can’t get it khổng lồ work over the mạng internet you can choose khổng lồ vày it over the phone.

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4. In a corporate environment (behind an edge firewall) you may have sầu the local firewall disabled on the server. If you do NOT then you need lớn allow access through the local firewall for the “Key Management Service”, (this runs over TCP port 1688). To allow the service, Start > Firewall.cpl enter > Allow program or feature through Windows Firewall” > Tiông xã Key Management Service > OK.

Note: Should you wish the change the port the service uses, you can bởi vì so with the following commvà, i.e. khổng lồ change it to TCP Port 1024;


That’s It! That is all you should need khổng lồ bởi, your KMS Server is up & running.

Install Microsoft Windows 2008 R2 Key Management Service from Comm& Line

You will notice below that I’m running these commands from comm& windows running as administrator (Right cliông chồng “Commvà Prompt” > Run as administrator).

1. Locate your “Windows Server 2008 Std/Ent KMS B” Key > From command line issue the following command;


Note: To License/Activate Server 2008 R2 AND Windows 7 THIS IS THE ONLY KEY YOU NEED. You do NOT need to lớn add additional keys for Windows 7. (You DO for Office 2010, but I’ll cover that below).

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2. Providing the command runs without error, we have just changed the sản phẩm key for this Windows server to be the KMS key.

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3. Now we need lớn activate the Windows Server > Run the following command;


Select “Activate Windows online now” > Follow the on screen prompts.

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4. When complete, it should tell you that it was successfully activated.

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5. In a corporate environment (behind an edge firewall) you may have the local firewall disabled on the hệ thống. If you do NOT then you need to lớn allow access through the local firewall for the “Key Management Service”, (this runs over TCP port 1688). To allow the service, Start > Firewall.cpl enter > Allow program or feature through Windows Firewall” > Tichồng Key Management Service > OK.

Note: Should you wish the change the port the service uses, you can vì so with the following commvà, i.e. khổng lồ change it to TCP Port 1024;


That’s It! That is all you should need to lớn bởi vì, your KMS Server is up và running.

Xem thêm: Ái Tân Giác La Hoàng Lịch, Thanh Cao Tông, Ái Tân Giác La Huyền Diệp

Testing the Key Management Server

Before it will start doing what you want it lớn, you need lớn meet certain thresholds, with Windows 7 clients it WONT work till it has had 25 requests from client machines. If you are making the requests from Windows 2008 Servers then the count is 5. (Note: For Office 2010 the count is 5 NOT 25)

Interestingly: On my chạy thử network I activated five sầu Windows 7 machines, then one hệ thống, và it started working.

Windows 7 và Windows 2008 R2 have sầu KMS Keys BUILT INTO THEM, if you are deploying/imaging machines you should not need lớn enter a key inlớn them (unless you have entered a MAK key on these machines then you will need to lớn change it lớn a client KMS Key). These are publicly available (see here).

1. The service works because it puts an SRV record in your DNS, when clients want to activate, they simply look for this record before they try & activate with Microsoft, if they find the record, they activate from your KMS Server instead. If you look on your domain DNS servers, expand “Forward Lookup Zones” > your domain name > _tcp > You will see an entry for _VLMCS that points lớn your KMS Server.

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2. From your client machines you can demo that they can see the SRV record, by running the following command;


Note: If this fails, can your client see the DNS server? And is it in the domain?

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3. There is no GUI console for KMS to see its status, so run the following command on the KMS server;


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4. As I’ve mentioned above, with Windows clients you need 25, and Windows Servers you will need 5 requests before KMS will work, before this you will see;

Windows ActivationA problem occurred when Windows tried khổng lồ activate. Error Code 0xC004F038

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5. For each of these failures, look-in the KMS Server, & the “Current count” will increment by 1 till it starts to work). In a live environment this wont be a problem, (You probably wont be looking at KMS with less than 25 clients!). On a demo network just clone/deploy a load of machines until you hit the threshold.

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Troubleshooting KMS Clients

To make things simple the command to exedễ thương on the clients, is the same commvà that you run on the KMS server khổng lồ kiểm tra the status.


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For further troubleshooting, see the following links.

How to troubleshoot the Key Management Service (KMS)

Managing License States

Adding an Office 2010 KMS Key to Your KMS Server.

In addition khổng lồ servers & clients, KMS can activate and handle Office 2010 licenses as well. You simply need khổng lồ add in Office support, & your Office 2010 KMS key. As mentioned above sầu, unlượt thích Windows clients, you only need five sầu requests lớn the KMS VPS before it will start activating Office 2010 normally.

If you want a KMS Server for JUST OFFICE 2010 and not Windows, then simply install và run the Office 2010 Key Management Service Host.

1. First locate your Office 2010 KMS Key! If you have a Microsoft License agreement, log into the the Microsoft Volume License Service Center, and retrieve sầu the KMS License Key for “Office 2010 Suites và Apps KMS”

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Note: As with Windows 7, và Server 2008 R2, Office 2010 comes with a KMS key already installed, if you have changed the key to a MAK key you can change it baông chồng using the Microsoft public KMS keys (see here).

2. Download và run the “Microsoft Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack“.

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3. When prompted type/paste in your “Office 2010 Suites & Apps KMS” product key > OK.

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4. It should accept the key.

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5. Press Enter to lớn cthua thảm.

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6. Once you have sầu five Office 2010 installations they should start khổng lồ activate from your KMS server.

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Troubleshooting Office 2010 KMS Activation

If you have a client that refuses lớn work you can manually force it khổng lồ activate against your KMS server;

x64 Bit Clients. (Where kms.domaina.com is the FQDN of the KMS server)


cscript “C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeOffice14OSPPhường.VBS” /sethst:kms.domaimãng cầu.comcscript “C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeOffice14OSPPhường.VBS” /act
cscript “C:Program FilesMicrosoft OfficeOffice14OSPPhường.VBS” /sethst:kms.domaina.comcscript “C:Program FilesMicrosoft OfficeOffice14OSPP.VBS” /act